CSOA's Knowledge Network

diabetes (1)Diabetes 101 - You can learn how to take care of diabetes and prevent serious problems that can result from this condition. The more you know, the better you will be equipped to manage your diabetes.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition when your blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. Blood glucose is the main type of sugar found in your blood and your main source of energy. Glucose (sugar) comes from the food that you eat and is also made in your diabetes-symptoms.2liver and muscles. Your blood carries the glucose to all of your body's cells to use for energy.

Your pancreas (an organ, located between your stomach and spine, that helps with digestion) releases a hormone, called insulin, into your blood. Insulin helps your blood carry glucose to all your body's cells.

Sometimes your body doesn't make enough insulin or the insulin doesn't work the way it should. When this happens, glucose stays in your blood and doesn't reach your cells. Thus, your blood glucose levels get too high and can cause diabetes.  Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.

What are the signs and symptoms?

  • Being very thirstyHigh-Blood-Sugar-Symptoms
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very hungry
  • Feeling very tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Sores that heal slowly
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Feeling of pins and needles in your feet
  • Blurry eyesight

There are some people with diabetes that do not have any of these signs or symptoms. This is why it is important for your doctor to do a blood test to determine if you have diabetes and/or the beginning stages of diabetes (pre-diabetes)

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can affect people at any age, to include children, but it develops most often in middle-aged to older adults. Being overweight and/or inactive also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

See list of risk factors for diabetes

Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition that occurs when fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin to carry glucose into the body's cells to use for energy. This creates a need for more insulin to help the glucose enter the cells.

At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by making more insulin. Unfortunately, over time the pancreas will no longer make enough insulin during periods, such as meal times, that your blood sugar is likely to be high. This creates the need for you to treat your type 2 diabetes.

Treatment includes:

  • Using diabetic medications
  • Making healthy food choices
  • Being physically active
  • Controlling your blood pressure levels
  • Controlling your cholesterol levels

When you take the small steps to prevent diabetes there are big rewards. By lowering your risk for possible complications of diabetes you will avoid things such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, and other health problems such as the amputation of a damaged toe, foot, or leg.

Prevention Tips-Type 2 Diabetes

Prevent Diabetes-More Than 50 Ways

 

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